Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Document and Entity Information

Document and Entity Information - shares
6 Months Ended
Aug. 03, 2019
Aug. 23, 2019
Document and Entity Information [Abstract]    
Document Transition Report false  
Document Quarterly Report true  
Entity Incorporation, State or Country Code DE  
Entity Tax Identification Number 26-0037077  
Entity Registrant Name J. C. PENNEY COMPANY, INC.  
Entity Central Index Key 0001166126  
Current Fiscal Year End Date --02-01  
Entity Filer Category Large Accelerated Filer  
Document Type 10-Q  
Entity File Number 1-15274  
Document Period End Date Aug. 03, 2019  
Document Fiscal Year Focus 2019  
Document Fiscal Period Focus Q2  
Amendment Flag false  
Entity Common Stock, Shares Outstanding   317,837,111
Entity Emerging Growth Company false  
Entity Small Business false  
City Area Code 972  
Local Phone Number 431-1000  
Entity Current Reporting Status Yes  
Entity Interactive Data Current Yes  
Entity Shell Company false  
Entity Address, Address Line One 6501 Legacy Drive  
Entity Address, City or Town Plano  
Entity Address, State or Province TX  
Entity Address, Postal Zip Code 75024 - 3698