|6 Months Ended|
Aug. 01, 2020
|Debt Disclosure [Abstract]|
9. Debt and Debt Subject to Compromise
(1) Liabilities subject to compromise must be reported at the amounts expected to be allowed claims by the Bankruptcy Court. The carrying value of the debt will be adjusted as claims are approved. As of August 1, 2020, we have written off unamortized debt issuances costs of $33 million to present the debt at the face value outstanding. The expense related to this write off is recorded within Reorganization items, net in the unaudited interim Consolidated Statement of Operations.
The commencement of the Chapter 11 Cases constitutes an event of default or termination event under all pre-petition debt of the Company. With the exception of the 2017 Credit Facility, all pre-petition debt is classified as liabilities subject to compromise. As a result of the default under the agreements comprising the 2017 Credit Facility agreements, the Company has classified the 2017 Credit Facility as a current liability. Any efforts to enforce payment obligations related to the Company’s outstanding debt have been automatically stayed as a result of the filing of the Chapter 11 Cases, and the creditors’ rights of enforcement are subject to the applicable provisions of the Bankruptcy Code.
Effective as of the Petition Date, the Company ceased recording interest expense on all debt subject to compromise, with the exception of the 2016 Term Loan Facility and the Senior Secured Notes. On June 5, 2020, and July 20, 2020, the Bankruptcy Court issued orders allowing the Debtors to make adequate protection payments for the 2017 Credit Facility, the 2016 Term Loan Facility and the Senior Secured Notes. The adequate protection payments represent interest otherwise due under the terms of those debt agreements and the Company continues to accrue and expense that interest. Contractual interest expense represents amounts due under the contractual terms of outstanding pre-petition debt subject to compromise and not otherwise paid under adequate payments. For the second quarter 2020, contractual interest expense of $26 million has not been recorded in the financial statements.
Pursuant to the RSA, certain of the Consenting Stakeholders and/or their affiliates agreed to provide, on a committed basis, debtor-in-possession financing on the terms set forth therein. Following entry by the Bankruptcy Court of a final order on June 5, 2020, JCP, as borrower, and J. C. Penney and certain of its subsidiaries, as guarantors (together with JCP, the “Credit Parties”), entered into a Superpriority Senior Secured Debtor-In-Possession Credit and Guaranty Agreement (the “DIP Credit Agreement”) with the financial institutions identified therein as lenders (the “Lenders”), GLAS USA LLC, as administrative agent (the “Administrative Agent”), and GLAS Americas LLC, as collateral agent. The obligations under the DIP Credit Agreement are secured by substantially all of the real and personal property of the Credit Parties, subject to certain exceptions.
The DIP Credit Agreement provides for a superpriority secured debtor-in-possession credit facility comprised of term loans in an aggregate amount of up to $900 million of which (i) up to $450 million consists of “new money” loans that will be made available to JCP $225 million of which was provided to JCP on June 8, 2020, and $225 million was funded to an escrow account on July 9, 2020), and (ii) up to $450 million consists of certain pre-petition term loan and/or first lien notes obligations that are “rolled” into the DIP Credit Agreement $225 million of which were rolled into the DIP Facility on June 8, 2020, and $225 million of which were rolled into the DIP Credit Agreement on July 9, 2020). Of the total $450 million of pre-petition debt rolled into the DIP Credit Agreement, $419 million of the 2016 Term Loan and $31 million of the Senior Secured Notes were rolled into the DIP Credit Agreement. The pre-petition debt rolled into the DIP Credit Agreement was accounted for as a debt modification. Fees of $50 million, consisting of $45 million paid to the lenders and $5 million paid to the Company's advisors, were paid in connection with the signing of the DIP Credit Agreement, were all expensed during the second quarter of 2020 and are included in Reorganization items, net in the unaudited interim Consolidated Statement of Operations.
The DIP Credit Agreement matures on November 16, 2020, subject to earlier termination upon the occurrence of certain events specified in the DIP Credit Agreement. The proceeds of the DIP Credit Agreement will be used, in part, to provide incremental liquidity for working capital, to pay administrative costs, premiums, fees and expenses in connection with the DIP Credit Agreement and the administration of the Chapter 11 Cases, to make court approved payments in respect of pre-petition obligations and for other purposes consistent with the DIP Credit Agreement.
Loans under the DIP Credit Agreement bear interest at (i) if a Base Rate Loan, at the Base Rate (which is subject to a floor of 2.25%) plus 10.75% per annum or (ii) if a Eurodollar Rate Loan, at the Adjusted Eurodollar Rate (which is subject to a floor of 1.25%) plus 11.75% per annum. As of August 1, 2020, the interest rate on the DIP Credit Agreement was 13%. In addition, a 3% repayment fee due to the DIP lenders upon repayment of the DIP Credit Agreement will be accreted as interest expense over the DIP Credit Agreement term.
The DIP Credit Agreement includes customary negative covenants for debtor-in-possession loan agreements of this type, including covenants limiting the Credit Parties’ and their subsidiaries’ ability to, among other things, incur additional indebtedness, create liens on assets, make investments, loans or advances, engage in mergers, consolidations, sales of assets and acquisitions, pay dividends and distributions and make payments in respect of junior or pre-petition indebtedness, in each case subject to customary exceptions for debtor-in-possession loan agreements of this type. The DIP Credit Agreement also includes conditions precedent, representations and warranties, mandatory prepayments, affirmative covenants and events of default customary for financings of this type. Certain bankruptcy-related events are also events of default, including, but not limited to, the dismissal by the Bankruptcy Court of any of the Chapter 11 Cases, the conversion of any of the Chapter 11 Cases to a case under chapter 7 of title 11 of the United States Code, the appointment of a trustee pursuant to chapter 11 of title 11 of the United States Code, and certain other events related to the impairment of the Lenders’ rights or liens granted under the DIP Credit Agreement.
As previously reported, the Supermajority Lenders agreed to extend certain milestones under the DIP Credit Agreement to enable the Company and the Supermajority Lenders to continue discussions, including with respect to negotiating the sale to a third-party of all or substantially all of the assets of the Credit Parties comprising the operating company, pursuant to section 363 of the Bankruptcy Code. On September 10, 2020, the Company entered into a non-binding letter-of-intent (“LOI”) with the Ad Hoc Group, Simon Property Group and Brookfield Property Group that is generally consistent with the framework of the restructuring process contemplated in the RSA. Because the LOI is non-binding, and subject to definitive documentation that must be agreed upon by all parties and subsequently approved by the Bankruptcy Court, there is no assurance that the existing LOI will ultimately result in a final, approved sale or plan of reorganization.
As of August 1, 2020, there was $1,204 million in outstanding borrowings under the Company's pre-petition senior secured asset-based revolving credit facility (the 2017 Credit Facility). Borrowings under the 2017 Credit Facility bear interest, at the Company’s option, at a base rate or LIBOR, plus an applicable interest rate margin varying depending on the Company’s utilization of the 2017 Credit Facility. The interest rate on the borrowings as of August 1, 2020, was 6.50%. The proceeds from the 2017 Credit Facility may be used for working capital needs or general corporate purposes. The Company’s option to elect which rate applies to the amounts outstanding under the 2017 Credit Facility requires the Company to designate each borrowing as either a base rate or LIBOR borrowing. The designation may be changed subsequent to the initial borrowing and are presented as proceeds and payments which offset in the unaudited interim Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows. During the first half of 2020, approximately $1.4 billion changed designation, which has zero net impact on the amounts that are outstanding under the 2017 Credit Facility. Following the commencement of the Chapter 11 Cases, we do not have access to additional cash borrowings under the revolving credit facility.
The entire disclosure for long-term debt.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef