Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Basis of Presentation and Consolidation

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Basis of Presentation and Consolidation
6 Months Ended
Aug. 01, 2020
Basis of Presentation and Consolidation [Abstract]  
Basis of Presentation and Consolidation
1. Basis of Presentation and Consolidation
Basis of Presentation
J. C. Penney Company, Inc. is a holding company whose principal operating subsidiary is J. C. Penney Corporation, Inc. (JCP). JCP was incorporated in Delaware in 1924, and J. C. Penney Company, Inc. was incorporated in Delaware in 2002, when the holding company structure was implemented. The holding company has no independent assets or operations, and no direct subsidiaries other than JCP. The holding company and its consolidated subsidiaries, including JCP, are collectively referred to in this quarterly report as “we,” “us,” “our,” “ourselves” or the “Company,” unless otherwise indicated.
J. C. Penney Company, Inc. is a co-obligor (or guarantor, as appropriate) regarding the payment of principal and interest on JCP’s outstanding debt securities. The guarantee of certain of JCP’s outstanding debt securities by J. C. Penney Company, Inc. is full and unconditional.
These unaudited interim Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP) and in accordance with the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). The accompanying unaudited interim Consolidated Financial Statements, in our opinion, include all material adjustments necessary for a fair presentation and should be read in conjunction with the audited Consolidated Financial Statements and notes thereto in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended February 1, 2020 (2019 Form 10-K). We follow the same accounting policies to prepare quarterly financial statements as are followed in preparing annual financial statements. A description of such significant accounting policies is included in the 2019 Form 10-K. The February 1, 2020, financial information was derived from the audited Consolidated Financial Statements, with related footnotes, included in the 2019 Form 10-K. Because of the seasonal nature of the retail business, operating results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the full year.

As discussed further in Note 2, on May 15, 2020 (the "Petition Date"), the Company and certain of its subsidiaries (collectively, the "Debtors") commenced voluntary cases (the "Chapter 11 Cases") under chapter 11 of title 11 of the United States Code (the "Bankruptcy Code") in the United States Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of Texas (the "Bankruptcy Court"). The Company considered impacts related to the Chapter 11 Cases and the COVID-19 pandemic (see Note 3) to its use of any estimates, as appropriate, within its unaudited interim Consolidated Financial Statements. Such estimates and assumptions are subject to inherent uncertainties, which may result in actual amounts differing from reported amounts.

Fiscal Year
Our fiscal year ends on the Saturday closest to January 31. As used herein, “three months ended August 1, 2020” and “second quarter of 2020” refer to the 13-week period ended August 1, 2020, and “three months ended August 3, 2019” and “second quarter of 2019” refer to the 13-week period ended August 3, 2019. "Six months ended August 1,
2020" and "six months ended August 3, 2019" refer to the 26-week periods ended August 1, 2020 and August 3, 2019, respectively. Fiscal years 2020 and 2019 contain 52 weeks.
Basis of Consolidation
All significant inter-company transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation. Certain reclassifications were made to prior period amounts to conform to the current period presentation.
Ability to Continue as a Going Concern
The unaudited interim Consolidated Financial Statements included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q have been prepared on a going concern basis of accounting, which contemplates continuity of operations, realization of assets, and satisfaction of liabilities and commitments in the normal course of business. As a result of the Chapter 11 Cases, the realization of assets and the satisfaction of liabilities are subject to significant uncertainty. While operating as a debtor-in-possession pursuant to the Bankruptcy Code, we may sell, or otherwise dispose of or liquidate, assets or settle liabilities, subject to the approval of the Bankruptcy Court or as otherwise permitted in the ordinary course of business, for amounts other than those reflected in the accompanying unaudited interim Consolidated Financial Statements. Further, a Chapter 11 plan of reorganization is likely to materially change the amounts and classifications of assets and liabilities reported in our unaudited interim Consolidated Balance Sheet as of August 1, 2020. In addition, the COVID-19 pandemic (see Note 3) has, and continues to have, a material impact on the Company’s business operations, financial position, liquidity, capital resources and results of operations. The risks and uncertainties surrounding the Chapter 11 Cases and the COVID-19 pandemic, the defaults under our debt agreements
(see Note 9), and our financial condition, raise substantial doubt as to the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. Our future plans, including those in connection with the Chapter 11 Cases, are not yet finalized, fully executed or approved by the Bankruptcy Court, and therefore cannot be deemed probable of mitigating this substantial doubt within 12 months of the date of issuance of these financial statements. Our consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments related to the recoverability and classification of recorded asset amounts or the amounts and classification of liabilities that might be necessary should we be unable to continue as a going concern.
Bankruptcy Accounting
The unaudited interim Consolidated Financial Statements included herein have been prepared as if we are a going concern and in accordance with Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) Topic No. 852 – Reorganizations (ASC 852). As a result, we have segregated liabilities and obligations whose treatment and satisfaction are dependent on the outcome of the Chapter 11 Cases and have classified these items as Liabilities Subject to Compromise on our unaudited interim Consolidated Balance Sheets. In addition, we have classified all income, expenses, gains or losses that were incurred or realized as a direct result of the Chapter 11 Cases since filing as Reorganization items in our unaudited interim Consolidated Statement of Operations.

Certain subsidiary entities are not debtors under the Chapter 11 Cases. However, condensed combined financial statements of the Debtors are not presented in the notes to the unaudited interim Consolidated Financial Statements as the assets and liabilities, operating results and cash flows of the non-debtor entities included in the unaudited interim Consolidated Financial Statements are insignificant and, therefore, the unaudited interim Consolidated Financial Statements presented herein materially represent the condensed combined financial statements of the debtor entities for all periods presented. As of August 1, 2020, total assets, total liabilities and net income of the non-debtor entities represents 0.6%, 0.2%, and (0.8)% of total consolidated assets, liabilities and net income, respectively. As of August 1, 2020, the non-debtor entities have intercompany receivables and intercompany payables from/to the debtor entities of $17.6 million and $0.0 million, respectively.

Restricted Cash
Amounts included in restricted cash represent those required to be set aside by a contractual agreement or requirements of the Bankruptcy Court. Amounts included in restricted cash include:

(In Millions) August 1, 2020
DIP financing funded to escrow pending resolution of contingencies (see Note 9) $ 225 
Cash collateral in escrow under the requirements of the 2017 Revolving Credit Facility 156 
Cash deposited into escrow to pay bankruptcy professional fees upon emergence
52 
Other 19 
Total restricted cash
$ 452