UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q
    (Mark One)

  X           QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE
SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended October 29, 2011    

or
 
                  TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE
SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from ______________ to ________________
 
Commission File Number: 1-15274

 
J. C. PENNEY COMPANY, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware
26-0037077
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
6501 Legacy Drive, Plano, Texas
75024 - 3698
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)
 

 (Registrant's telephone number, including area code) (972) 431-1000

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.     Yes  x No   o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).     Yes   x  No  o   

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer    x       Accelerated filer    o          Non-accelerated filer    o         Smaller reporting company      o  
                                                                                               (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes o   No    x 
 
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer's classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
213,549,232 shares of Common Stock of 50 cents par value, as of December 2, 2011
 
 
 
Table of Contents

J. C. PENNEY COMPANY, INC.

FORM 10-Q

For the Quarterly Period Ended October 29, 2011

INDEX

 
  
 
  
       
  
Page
  
 
  
 
 
  
  
 
  
 
 
  
 
  
 
 
  
1
 
  
 
  
 
 
  
2
 
  
 
  
 
 
  
3
 
  
 
  
 
  
4
       
 
  
  
 
  
16
 
  
  
 
  
30
 
  
  
  
30
     
  
 
  
 
 
  
  
 
  
31
 
  
  
  
33
   
  
 
 
  
 

 
i

 
 
 
 

Table of Contents

Part I. Financial Information

Item 1. Unaudited Financial Statements

J. C. PENNEY COMPANY, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS of OPERATIONS
(Unaudited)

($ in millions, except per share data)
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
   
Oct. 29,
   
Oct. 30,
   
Oct. 29,
   
Oct. 30,
 
   
2011
   
2010
   
2011
   
2010
 
Total net sales
$
3,986
 
$
4,189
 
$
11,835
 
$
12,056
 
Cost of goods sold
 
2,497
   
2,554
   
7,254
   
7,239
 
Gross margin
 
1,489
   
1,635
   
4,581
   
4,817
 
Operating expenses/(income):
                       
Selling, general and administrative (SG&A)
 
1,242
   
1,326
   
3,766
   
3,893
 
Pension
 
31
   
64
   
88
   
191
 
Depreciation and amortization
 
127
   
128
   
383
   
379
 
Real estate and other, net
 
(5
)
 
(7
)
 
(24
)
 
(20
)
Restructuring and management transition
 
265
   
-
   
297
   
-
 
Total operating expenses
 
1,660
   
1,511
   
4,510
   
4,443
 
Operating (loss)/income
 
(171
)
 
124
   
71
   
374
 
Net interest expense
 
55
   
57
   
170
   
173
 
Bond premiums and amortized costs
 
-
   
-
   
-
   
20
 
(Loss)/income before income taxes
 
(226
)
 
67
   
(99
 
181
 
Income tax (benefit)/expense
 
(83
 
23
   
(34
 
63
 
Net (loss)/income
$
(143
)
$
44
 
$
(65
$
118
 
                         
(Loss)/earnings per share:
                       
Basic
$
(0.67
)
$
0.19
 
$
(0.30
)
$
0.50
 
Diluted
$
(0.67
)
$
0.19
 
$
(0.30
)
$
0.50
 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements.

-1-

 
 
 
 

Table of Contents
J. C. PENNEY COMPANY, INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

($ in millions)
   
Oct. 29,
   
Oct. 30,
   
Jan. 29,
 
     
2011
   
2010
   
2011
 
     
(Unaudited)
   
(Unaudited)
       
Assets
                   
Current assets
                   
Cash in banks and in transit
 
$
205
 
$
199
 
$
169
 
Cash short-term investments
   
880
   
1,467
   
2,453
 
    Cash and cash equivalents
   
1,085
   
1,666
   
2,622
 
Merchandise inventory
   
4,376
   
4,267
   
3,213
 
Income taxes receivable
   
364
   
464
   
334
 
Prepaid expenses and other
   
285
   
222
   
201
 
Total current assets
   
6,110
   
6,619
   
6,370
 
Property and equipment (net of accumulated
                   
        depreciation of $3,035, $2,911 and $2,854)
   
5,242
   
5,285
   
5,231
 
Prepaid pension
   
668
   
391
   
763
 
Other assets
   
731
   
657
   
678
 
Total Assets
 
$
12,751
 
$
12,952
 
$
13,042
 
                     
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
                   
Current liabilities
                   
Merchandise accounts payable
 
$
1,831
 
$
1,766
 
$
1,133
 
Other accounts payable and accrued expenses
   
1,404
   
1,459
   
1,514
 
Current maturities of long-term debt
   
231
   
-
   
-
 
Total current liabilities
   
3,466
   
3,225
   
2,647
 
Long-term debt
   
2,871
   
3,099
   
3,099
 
Deferred taxes
   
1,152
   
994
   
1,192
 
Other liabilities
   
740
   
693
   
644
 
Total Liabilities
   
8,229
   
8,011
   
7,582
 
                     
Stockholders' Equity
                   
Common stock(1)
   
107
   
118
   
118
 
Additional paid-in capital
   
3,619
   
3,908
   
3,925
 
Reinvested earnings
   
1,541
   
1,999
   
2,222
 
Accumulated other comprehensive (loss)
   
(745
)
 
(1,084
 
 (805
)
Total Stockholders’ Equity
   
4,522
   
4,941
   
5,460
 
                     
Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
 
$
12,751
 
$
12,952
 
$
13,042
 

(1)  
1,250 million shares of common stock are authorized with a par value of $0.50 per share. The total shares issued and outstanding were 213 million, 237 million and 237 million as of October 29, 2011, October 30, 2010 and January 29, 2011, respectively.

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements.

-2-

 
 
 
 

Table of Contents
J. C. PENNEY COMPANY, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS of CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
($ in millions)
 
Nine Months Ended
 
     
Oct. 29,
   
Oct. 30,
 
     
     2011
   
    2010
 
Cash flows from operating activities:
             
Net (loss)/income
 
$
(65
$
118
 
Adjustments to reconcile net (loss)/income to net cash (used in)
operating activities:
             
Restructuring and management transition
   
257
   
-
 
Asset impairments and other charges
   
8
   
4
 
Depreciation and amortization
   
383
   
379
 
Benefit plans expense
   
46
   
149
 
Voluntary pension contribution
   
-
   
(392
)
Stock-based compensation
   
33
   
36
 
Excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation
   
(5
 
(1
Deferred taxes
   
(96
 
79
 
Change in cash from:
             
Inventory
   
(1,163
)
 
(1,243
)
Prepaid expenses and other assets
   
(90
)  
7
 
Merchandise accounts payable
   
698
   
540
 
Current income taxes payable
   
(34
)  
(72
)
Accrued expenses and other
   
(105
)
 
(122
)
Net cash (used in) operating activities
   
(133
)
 
(518
)
               
Cash flows from investing activities:
             
Capital expenditures
   
(469
)
 
(380
)
Proceeds from sale of assets
   
1
   
4
 
Proceeds from joint venture cash distribution
   
53
   
-
 
Net cash (used in) investing activities
   
(415
)
 
(376
)
               
Cash flows from financing activities:
             
Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt
   
-
   
392
 
Payments of long-term debt
   
-
   
(693
)
Financing costs
   
(15
)
 
(14
)
Dividends paid, common
   
(135
)
 
(142
)
Proceeds from issuance of stock warrant
   
50
   
-
 
Stock repurchase program
   
(900
)
 
-
 
Proceeds from stock options exercised
   
12
   
7
 
Excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation
   
5
   
1
 
Tax withholding payments reimbursed by restricted stock
   
(6
)
 
(2
)
Net cash (used in) financing activities
   
(989
)
 
(451
Net (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
   
(1,537
 
(1,345
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year
   
2,622
   
3,011
 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
 
$
1,085
 
$
1,666
 
Supplemental cash flow information:              
Income taxes paid   $ 96   $ 55  
Interest paid     204      235  
Interest received     2     4  
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements.
-3- 
 
 
 

Table of Contents

J. C. PENNEY COMPANY, INC.

NOTES TO INTERIM CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

Note 1 – Basis of Presentation and Consolidation

Basis of Presentation
J. C. Penney Company, Inc. is a holding company whose principal operating subsidiary is J. C. Penney Corporation, Inc. (JCP). JCP was incorporated in Delaware in 1924, and J. C. Penney Company, Inc. was incorporated in Delaware in 2002, when the holding company structure was implemented. The holding company has no independent assets or operations, and no direct subsidiaries other than JCP. The holding company and its consolidated subsidiaries, including JCP, are collectively referred to in this quarterly report as “we,” “us,” “our,” “ourselves,” “jcpenney” or the “Company,” unless otherwise indicated.

J. C. Penney Company, Inc. is a co-obligor (or guarantor, as appropriate) regarding the payment of principal and interest on JCP’s outstanding debt securities. The guarantee of certain of JCP’s outstanding debt securities by J. C. Penney Company, Inc. is full and unconditional.

These unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP) and in accordance with the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).  The accompanying unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements, in our opinion, include all material adjustments necessary for a fair presentation and should be read in conjunction with the audited Consolidated Financial Statements and notes thereto in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 29, 2011 (2010 Form 10-K). We follow substantially the same accounting policies to prepare quarterly financial statements as are followed in preparing annual financial statements. A description of such significant accounting policies is included in the 2010 Form 10-K. The January 29, 2011 financial information was derived from the audited Consolidated Financial Statements, with related footnotes, included in the 2010 Form 10-K. Because of the seasonal nature of the retail business, operating results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the full year.
 
Fiscal Year
Our fiscal year ends on the Saturday closest to January 31. As used herein, “three months ended October 29, 2011” and “three months ended October 30, 2010” refer to the 13-week periods ended October 29, 2011 and October 30, 2010, respectively. “Nine months ended October 29, 2011,” and “nine months ended October 30, 2010,” refer to the 39-week periods ended October 29, 2011 and October 30, 2010, respectively.

Basis of Consolidation
All significant intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation.  Certain reclassifications were made to prior year amounts to conform to the current period presentation. Beginning in 2011, pre-opening expenses, previously reported as a separate operating expense line, are included in SG&A expense due to the immaterial nature of such expense in recent years.  The impact to the SG&A expense ratio for both the three months and nine months ended October 30, 2010 was an increase of 10 basis points.  Beginning in the third quarter of 2011, restructuring and management transition charges were reported as a separate operating expense line. Previously, 2011 charges were included in real estate and other.  None of the reclassifications affected our net (loss)/income in any period.

Use of Estimates and Assumptions
The preparation of unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements, in conformity with GAAP, requires us to make assumptions and use estimates that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period.  The most significant estimates relate to: inventory valuation under the retail method; valuation of long-lived assets; estimation of reserves and valuation allowances specifically related to closed stores, insurance, income taxes, litigation and environmental contingencies and pension accounting. While actual results could differ from these estimates, we do not expect the differences, if any, to have a material effect on the unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements.
-4-

 
 
 
 

Table of Contents

J. C. PENNEY COMPANY, INC.

NOTES TO INTERIM CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(Unaudited)

Note 2 – Effect of New Accounting Standards

In June 2011, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued ASU 2011-05, “Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Presentation of Comprehensive Income.” ASU 2011-05 revises the manner in which entities present comprehensive income in their financial statements. The new guidance removes the presentation options in existing guidance and requires entities to report components of comprehensive income in either (1) a continuous statement of comprehensive income or (2) two separate but consecutive statements. Under the two-statement approach, the first statement would include components of net income, which is consistent with the income statement format used today, and the second statement would include components of other comprehensive income (OCI). The update does not change the items that must be reported in OCI and its amendments are effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2011. The guidance must be applied retrospectively for all periods presented in the financial statements. Early adoption is permitted. As this update only relates to financial statement presentation, we do not expect the adoption to have a material effect on our consolidated results of operations, cash flows or financial position.

In May 2011, the FASB issued ASU 2011-04, “Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Amendments to Achieve Common
Fair Value Measurement and Disclosure Requirements in U.S. GAAP and IFRSs.”  ASU 2011-04 amends the current fair value measurement and disclosure guidance to include increased transparency around valuation inputs and investment categorization.  This guidance will be effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2011. We do not expect the adoption to have a material impact on our consolidated results of operations, cash flows or financial position.





-5-

 
 
 
 

Table of Contents

J. C. PENNEY COMPANY, INC.

NOTES TO INTERIM CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(Unaudited)

Note 3 – (Loss)/Earnings per Share

Net (loss)/income and shares used to compute basic and diluted (loss)/earnings per share (EPS) are reconciled below:

(in millions, except per share data)
Three Months Ended
   
Nine Months Ended
 
   
Oct. 29,
   
Oct. 30,
     
Oct. 29,
   
Oct. 30,
 
   
2011
   
2010
     
2011
   
2010
 
Earnings:
                         
Net (loss)/income
$
(143)
 
$
44
   
$
(65)
 
$
118
 
Shares:
                         
Average common shares outstanding (basic shares)
 
213
   
236
     
219
   
236
 
Adjustment for assumed dilution:
                         
Stock options, restricted stock awards and stock warrant
 
-
   
2
     
-
   
2
 
Average shares assuming dilution (diluted shares)
 
213
   
238
     
219
   
238
 
EPS:
                         
Basic
$
(0.67)
 
$
0.19
   
$
(0.30)
 
$
            0.50
 
Diluted
$
(0.67)
 
$
0.19
   
$
(0.30)
 
$
0.50
 

The following average potential shares of common stock were excluded from the diluted EPS calculations because their effect would have been anti-dilutive:

(shares in millions)
Three Months Ended
   
Nine Months Ended
 
   
Oct. 29,
   
Oct. 30,
     
Oct. 29,
   
Oct. 30,
 
   
2011
   
2010
     
2011
   
2010
 
Stock options and restricted awards
 
19
   
11
     
18
   
11
 

Note 4 – Credit Facility

On April 29, 2011, J. C. Penney Company, Inc., JCP and J. C. Penney Purchasing Corporation entered into an amended and restated five-year, $1,250 million revolving credit agreement (2011 Credit Facility) with a syndicate of lenders with JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., as administrative agent.  The facility is secured by our inventory, which security interest can be released upon attainment of certain credit rating levels.  The 2011 Credit Facility is available for general corporate purposes, including the issuance of letters of credit.  Pricing under the 2011 Credit Facility is tiered based on JCP’s senior unsecured long-term credit ratings issued by Moody’s Investors Service, Inc. and Standard & Poor’s Ratings Services.  JCP’s obligations under the 2011 Credit Facility are guaranteed by J. C. Penney Company, Inc.

The 2011 Credit Facility requires that we maintain certain financial covenants, which include a leverage ratio, a fixed charge coverage ratio and an asset coverage ratio (each as defined in the 2011 Credit Facility).  Under the terms of the 2011 Credit Facility, non-cash charges or credits related to retirement plans are not included in the calculation of EBITDA (consolidated earnings before interest, income taxes, depreciation and amortization), which is used in the leverage ratio and fixed charge coverage ratio.

The leverage ratio, which is calculated as of the last day of the quarter and measured on a trailing four-quarter basis, cannot exceed 3.0 to 1.  The fixed charge coverage ratio, which is calculated as of the last day of the quarter and measured on a trailing four-quarter basis, cannot be less than 2.5 to 1 through October 29, 2011; and 3.0 to 1 thereafter.  The asset coverage ratio cannot be less than 3.0 to 1.
-6-

 
 
 
 

Table of Contents

J. C. PENNEY COMPANY, INC.

NOTES TO INTERIM CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(Unaudited)

As of October 29, 2011, we were in compliance with these requirements with a leverage ratio of 2.2 to 1, a fixed charge coverage ratio of 3.5 to 1 and an asset coverage ratio of 28 to 1.

No borrowings, other than the issuance of standby and import letters of credit totaling $157 million as of the end of the third quarter of 2011, have been made under the 2011 Credit Facility.

Note 5 – Long-Term Debt

During the nine months ended October 29, 2011, there were no debt issuances or debt reductions.  During the nine months ended October 30, 2010, we had the following debt issuance and debt reductions:

Debt Issuance
On May 24, 2010, we closed on our offering of $400 million aggregate principal amount of 5.65% Senior Notes due 2020 and used proceeds of the offering, net of underwriting discounts, of approximately $392 million to make a voluntary cash contribution to the J. C. Penney Corporation, Inc. Pension Plan.

Debt Reductions
On May 24, 2010, we accepted for purchase $300 million principal amount of JCP’s outstanding 6.375% Senior Notes due 2036 (2036 Notes), which were validly tendered pursuant to a cash tender offer. We paid approximately $314 million aggregate consideration, including accrued and unpaid interest, for the accepted 2036 Notes on May 25, 2010.

On March 1, 2010 we repaid at maturity $393 million outstanding principal amount of JCP’s 8.0% Notes due 2010.

Note 6 – Fair Value Disclosures

REIT Assets Measured on a Recurring Basis
We determined the fair value of our real estate investment trusts (REITs) using quoted market prices.  Primarily, the market value of our investments in public REITs are accounted for as available-for-sale securities. As of October 29, 2011, October 30, 2010 and January 29, 2011, the cost basis of these investments was $80 million. Our REIT assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis were as follows:

($ in millions) 
 
REIT Assets at Fair Value
   
   
Quoted Prices in Active Markets of Identical Assets (Level 1)
 
Significant Other Observable Inputs
(Level 2)
 
Significant Unobservable Inputs
(Level 3)
   
October 29, 2011
 
$
316
 
$
-
 
$
-
   
October 30, 2010
   
242
   
-
   
-
   
January 29, 2011
   
253
   
-
   
-
   

Other Financial Instruments
Our financial instruments include cash and cash equivalents and long-term debt.  The carrying amount of our cash and cash equivalents approximates fair value because of the short maturity of these instruments.  The fair value of long-term debt, including current maturities, is estimated by obtaining quotes from brokers or is based on current rates offered for similar debt.  As of October 29, 2011, October 30, 2010 and January 29, 2011, long-term debt, including current maturities, had a carrying value of $3.1 billion.  As of October 29, 2011, October 30, 2010 and January 29, 2011, long-term debt, including current maturities, had a fair value of $3.0 billion, $3.1 billion and $3.1 billion, respectively.
-7-

 
 
 
 

Table of Contents
 
J. C. PENNEY COMPANY, INC.

NOTES TO INTERIM CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(Unaudited)
Note 7 – Stockholders’ Equity

The following table shows the change in the components of stockholders’ equity for the nine months ended October 29, 2011:

(in millions)
Number of
Common
Shares
   
Common
Stock
   
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
   
Reinvested
Earnings
   
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
(Loss)/Income
   
Total
Stockholders’
Equity
 
January 29, 2011
237
 
$
        118
 
$
     3,925
 
$
          2,222
 
$
(805)
(1)
$
5,460
 
Net (loss)
-
   
-
   
-
   
(65
)
 
   
(65
)
Other comprehensive income
-
   
-
   
-
   
-
   
60 
   
60
 
Dividends declared, common
-
   
-
   
-
   
(132
)
 
   
(132
)
Stock warrant issued
-
   
-
   
50
   
-
   
   
50
 
Common stock repurchased and retired
(24)
   
(12)
   
(404)
   
(484
)
 
   
(900
)
Stock-based compensation
-
   
1
   
48
   
-
   
   
49
 
October 29, 2011
213
 
$
        107
 
$
3,619
 
$
1,541
 
$
(745)
(2)
$
            4,522
 
 
(1)  
Includes an unrealized gain in REITs of $112 million (net of a $62 million deferred tax liability) and actuarial (loss) and prior service (cost) for the pension and postretirement plans of $(917) million (net of a $585 million deferred tax asset).
(2)  
Includes an unrealized gain in REITs of $152 million (net of a deferred tax liability of $84 million) and actuarial (loss) and prior service (cost) for the pension and postretirement plans of $(897) million (net of a $572 million deferred tax asset).

Comprehensive (Loss)/Income
 ($ in millions) 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
   
Oct. 29,
 2011
 
Oct. 30,
 2010
 
Oct. 29,
 2011
 
Oct. 30,
 2010
Net (loss)/income
 
$
(143
)
$
44
 
$
(65
$
118
Other comprehensive income – net of tax:
               
Remeasurement of supplemental plans (Note 9)
 
(33
)
-
 
(33
)
-
Amortization of net actuarial loss and prior service cost
 
15
 
35
 
53
 
105
Unrealized gain in REITs
 
10
 
11
 
40
 
41
Total other comprehensive (loss)/income
   
(8
)
 
46
   
60
   
146
Total comprehensive (loss)/income
 
$
(151
$
90
 
$
(5
)
$
264
 
Stock Warrant
On June 13, 2011, we entered into a warrant purchase agreement with Ronald B. Johnson, pursuant to which he purchased a warrant to acquire approximately 7.3 million shares of J. C. Penney Company, Inc. common stock for a purchase price of approximately $50 million at a fair value of $6.89 per share.  The warrant has an exercise price of $29.92 per share, subject to customary adjustments resulting from a stock split, reverse stock split, or other extraordinary distribution with respect to J. C. Penney Company, Inc. common stock.  The warrant has a term of seven and one-half years and is exercisable after the sixth anniversary, or June 13, 2017, provided that the warrant is immediately exercisable upon a change in control of J. C. Penney Company, Inc. or, if applicable, upon the termination of Mr. Johnson’s employment with us.  The warrant is also subject to transfer restrictions. The proceeds from the sale of the warrant have been recorded as additional paid-in capital and the dilutive effect of the warrant has been included in the EPS calculation from the date of issuance.
-8-
 
 
 
 
 

Table of Contents

J. C. PENNEY COMPANY, INC.

NOTES TO INTERIM CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(Unaudited)
Common Stock Repurchase Program
In February 2011, our Board of Directors authorized a program to repurchase up to $900 million of Company common stock using existing cash and cash equivalents.  In the first quarter of 2011, through open market transactions, we repurchased approximately 21 million shares for $787 million.  In the second quarter, we purchased an additional three million shares for $113 million and completed the program on May 6, 2011. As a result of this repurchase program, approximately 24 million total shares were purchased for a total of $900 million at an average share price of $36.98, including commission. Repurchased shares were retired on the date of purchase, and the excess of the purchase price over par value was allocated between reinvested earnings and additional paid-in capital.

Note 8 – Stock-Based Compensation
 
We grant stock-based compensation to employees (associates) and non-employee directors under our 2009 Long-Term Incentive Plan (2009 Plan).  As of October 29, 2011, there were approximately eight million shares of stock available for future grant under the 2009 Plan.
 
The following table presents total stock-based compensation costs and related income tax benefits in the unaudited Interim Consolidated Statements of Operations:

Stock-Based Compensation Costs
($ in millions)
Three Months Ended
   
Nine Months Ended
   
   
Oct. 29,
   
Oct. 30,
     
Oct. 29,
   
Oct. 30,
   
   
2011
   
2010
     
2011
   
2010
   
Stock awards
$
2
 
$
3
   
$
14
 
$
15
   
Stock options
 
5
   
7
     
19
   
21
   
Total stock-based compensation costs
$
7
(1)
$
10
   
$
33
(1) 
$
36
   
 
Total related income tax benefit
$
3
 
$
2
   
$
13
 
$
12
   

(1)  
Excludes $6 million of stock-based compensation costs reported in restructuring and management transition charges (see Note 10).

Stock Options
On March 15, 2011, we made an annual grant of approximately 2.4 million stock options to associates at an option price of $36.58, with a fair value of $11.40 per option.

The following table summarizes stock option activity during the nine months ended October 29, 2011:

(options in thousands)
 
 
Stock Options
   
Weighted-Average
Exercise Price
Outstanding at January 29, 2011
 
15,013
 
$
36
Granted
 
2,409
   
37
Exercised
 
(635
)
 
20
Forfeited or expired
 
(502
)
 
37
Outstanding at October 29, 2011
 
16,285
   
37
           
Exercisable at October 29, 2011
 
10,883
   
41


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Table of Contents
 
J. C. PENNEY COMPANY, INC.

NOTES TO INTERIM CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(Unaudited)

As of October 29, 2011, there was $30 million of unrecognized compensation expense, net of estimated forfeitures, for unvested stock options, which will be recognized over the remaining weighted-average vesting period of approximately one year.

Stock Awards
On March 15, 2011, we made our annual grant of approximately 822,000 restricted stock unit awards to associates.  These awards consisted of approximately 367,000 time-based restricted stock units and approximately 455,000 performance-based restricted stock units.  The time-based restricted stock units vest one-third on each of the first three anniversaries of the grant date provided that the associate remains continuously employed with the Company during that time.  The performance-based unit grant is a target award with a payout matrix ranging from 0% to 200% based on 2011 EPS (defined as per common share income from continuing operations, excluding any unusual and/or extraordinary items as determined by the Human Resources and Compensation Committee of the Board).  In addition to the performance requirement, this award also includes a time-based vesting requirement, which is the same as the requirement for the time-based restricted stock unit award.  Upon vesting, both the time-based restricted stock units and the performance-based restricted stock units will be paid out in shares of Company common stock.

On May 25, 2011, we granted approximately 38,000 restricted stock units to non-employee Board members.  Restricted stock unit grants during the nine months ended October 29, 2011 also included 73,000 restricted stock units, consisting of ad-hoc awards to associates and dividend equivalents on outstanding awards.  Dividend equivalents on outstanding awards are forfeited if vesting conditions are not met.

Stock awards that vested during the nine months ended October 29, 2011 included the final one-third, or approximately 107,000, of our March 2008 annual grant of time-based restricted stock unit awards and one-third, or approximately 379,000, of our March 2010 restricted stock unit awards (time-based and performance-based), as well as the vesting of approximately 123,000 individual restricted stock unit awards.

The following table summarizes non-vested stock award activity during the nine months ended October 29, 2011:

(awards in thousands)
   
Non-Vested Stock Awards
   
Weighted- Average Grant Date Fair Value
 
Outstanding at January 29, 2011
   
2,028
 
$
27
 
Granted
   
933
   
36
 
Vested
   
(609
)
 
34
 
Forfeited
   
(79
)
 
32
 
Outstanding at October 29, 2011
   
2,273
   
29
 

As of October 29, 2011, there was $28 million of unrecognized compensation expense related to unearned associate stock awards, which will be recognized over the remaining weighted-average vesting period of approximately one year.

On June 14, 2011, we announced that Ronald B. Johnson had been elected our next Chief Executive Officer.  Upon commencement of his employment on November 1, 2011, Mr. Johnson was granted approximately 1.7 million restricted stock units, which will vest on January 27, 2012, so long as he remains continuously employed by us through such date, provided, however, that the restricted stock units will immediately vest if his employment with us terminates as a result of his death or disability, if he terminates his employment with us for good reason or if we terminate his employment other than for cause.  The restricted stock units were valued at approximately $32 per share, the price of our common stock at close of business on his start date of November 1, 2011.  The associated stock-based compensation of approximately $53 million will be recognized over the expected service period to the vesting date. 
-10-
 
 
 
 

Table of Contents

J. C. PENNEY COMPANY, INC.

NOTES TO INTERIM CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(Unaudited)

Note 9 – Retirement Benefit Plans

The components of net periodic benefit costs for our non-contributory qualified defined benefit pension plan (Primary Plan) and non-contributory supplemental pension plans were as follows:

Pension Plans Net Periodic Benefit Expense
($ in millions)
 
Primary Plan
   
Supplemental Plans
   
Total
 
   
Three Months Ended
   
Three Months Ended
   
Three Months Ended
 
   
Oct. 29,
   
Oct. 30,
   
Oct. 29,
   
Oct. 30,
   
Oct. 29,
   
Oct. 30,
 
   
2011
   
2010
   
2011
   
2010
   
2011
   
2010
 
Service cost
$
22
 
$
22
 
$
1
 
$
-
 
$
23
 
$
22
 
Interest cost
 
62
   
62
   
3
   
3
   
65
   
65
 
Expected return on plan assets
 
(97
)
 
(87
 
-
   
-
   
(97
)
 
(87
Net amortization
 
35
   
59
   
5
   
5
   
40
   
64
 
Net periodic benefit expense
$
22
 
$
56
 
$
9
 
$
8
 
$
31
 
$
64
 

 ($ in millions)
 
Primary Plan
   
Supplemental Plans
   
Total
 
   
Nine Months Ended
   
Nine Months Ended
   
Nine Months Ended
 
   
Oct. 29,
   
Oct. 30,
   
Oct. 29,
   
Oct. 30,
   
Oct. 29,
   
Oct. 30,
 
   
2011
   
2010
   
2011
   
2010
   
2011
   
2010
 
Service cost
$
66
 
$
66
 
$
2
 
$
1
 
$
68
 
$
67
 
Interest cost
 
186
   
186
   
9
   
10
   
195
   
196
 
Expected return on plan assets
 
(290
)
 
(263
 
-
   
-
   
(290
)
 
(263
Net amortization
 
103
   
177
   
12
   
14
   
115
   
191
 
Net periodic benefit expense
$
65
 
$
166
 
$
23
 
$
25
 
$
88
 
$
191
 

Postretirement Health and Welfare Plan Net Periodic (Income)
($ in millions)
   
Three Months Ended
   
Nine Months Ended
 
     
Oct. 29,
   
Oct. 30,
   
Oct. 29,
   
Oct. 30,
 
     
2011
   
2010
   
2011
   
2010
 
Service cost
 
$
-
 
$
 -
 
$
-
 
$
 -
 
Interest cost
   
-
   
-
   
-
   
-
 
Expected return on plan assets
   
-
   
-
   
-
   
-
 
Net amortization
   
(6
 
(6
)
 
(19
)
 
(18
)
Net periodic (income)
 
$
(6
$
(6
)
$
(19
)
$
(18
)


-11-

 
 
 
 

Table of Contents

J. C. PENNEY COMPANY, INC.

NOTES TO INTERIM CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(Unaudited)
 
Voluntary Early Retirement Program (VERP)
In August 2011, we announced a VERP under which approximately 8,000 eligible associates had between September 1, 2011 and October 15, 2011 to elect to participate.  For the approximately 4,000 associates who elected to accept the VERP, we incurred a total charge of $176 million for enhanced retirement benefits which was recorded in the line item “Restructuring and management transition” in the unaudited Interim Consolidated Statements of Operations (see Note 10).  Enhanced retirement benefits of $133 million related to our Primary Plan decreased our overfunded status of the plan.  Enhanced retirement benefits of $36 million and $7 million related to our unfunded Supplemental Retirement Program (SRP) and Benefit Restoration Plan (BRP), respectively, increased the projected benefit obligation (PBO) of these plans.  In addition, we also incurred curtailment charges totaling $1 million related to our SRP and BRP as a result of the reduction in the expected years of future service related to these plans.  These curtailment charges were recorded in the line item “Restructuring and management transition” in the unaudited Interim Consolidated Statements of Operations (see Note 10).  As a result of these curtailments, the liabilities for our SRP and BRP were remeasured as of October 15, 2011.  The discount rate used for the October 15 remeasurements was 5.06% as compared to the year-end 2010 discount rate of 5.65%.   As of October 15, 2011, the PBOs of our SRP and BRP were increased by $71 million and $24 million, respectively.  As of October 29, 2011, the PBOs of our SRP and BRP were $216 million and $78 million, respectively.

Defined Contribution Plans
Our defined contribution plans include a qualified Savings, Profit-Sharing and Stock Ownership Plan (a 401(k) plan), which includes a non-contributory retirement account, and a non-qualified contributory unfunded mirror savings plan offered to certain management associates. Total expense for our defined contribution plans for the third quarters of 2011 and 2010 was $16 million and $13 million, respectively, and is predominantly included in SG&A expense in the unaudited Interim Consolidated Statements of Operations. Total expense as of October 29, 2011 and October 30, 2010 was $48 million and $39 million, respectively.

Employer Contributions
Our policy with respect to funding the Primary Plan is to fund at least the minimum required by the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA) rules, as amended by the Pension Protection Act of 2006, and not more than the maximum amount deductible for tax purposes. Based on the funded status of our Primary Plan, we are not required to make a mandatory cash contribution to the Primary Plan under ERISA rules in 2011 or 2012.

Note 10 – Restructuring and Management Transition Charges

During the three and nine months ended October 29, 2011, we incurred $265 million and $297 million, respectively, of restructuring and management transition charges.  Restructuring and management transition charges include costs related to activities to streamline our supply chain and custom decorating operations,  the previously announced exit of our catalog and outlet businesses, cost savings initiatives to reduce home office expenses, the VERP and transition costs related to selected executive management.  These programs are expected to be substantially completed by the end of 2012.

Supply chain
As a result of streamlining our supply chain organization, during the three and nine months ended October 29, 2011, we recorded $16 million and $31 million, respectively, of increased depreciation and employee severance.  Increased depreciation resulted from shortening the useful lives of assets related to the closing and consolidating of selected facilities.

Exit catalog outlet stores
On October 16, 2011, we completed an asset purchase agreement to sell the assets related to the operations of our catalog outlet stores.  We sold fixed assets and inventory with combined net book values of approximately $31 million, for a total purchase price of $7 million, which resulted in a loss of $24 million.  During the three and nine months ended October 29, 2011, we recorded $6 million and $10 million, respectively, of severance costs related to the sale of our outlet stores.
-12-

 
 
 
 

Table of Contents

J. C. PENNEY COMPANY, INC.

NOTES TO INTERIM CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(Unaudited)

Termination benefits
We recorded $12 million and $17 million of employee termination benefits for actions planned to reduce our home office expenses for the three and nine months ended October 29, 2011, respectively.

VERP
As a part of several restructuring and cost-savings initiatives designed to reduce salary and related costs across the Company, in the third quarter of 2011 we incurred a total charge of $179 million related to the VERP.  Charges included $176 million related to enhanced retirement benefits for the approximately 4,000 associates who accepted the VERP, $1 million related to curtailment charges for our SRP and BRP as a result of the reduction in the expected years of future service related to these plans (see Note 9), and we incurred an additional $2 million of costs associated with administering the VERP.

Management transition
During the three and nine months ended October 29, 2011, we recorded $27 million and $29 million, respectively, of management transition charges.  In June 2011, we announced that Ronald B. Johnson would become our Chief Executive Officer on November 1, 2011, succeeding Myron E. Ullman, III.  Mr. Ullman will remain Executive Chairman of the Board of Directors until January 27, 2012, at which time he will step down from the Company and our Board of Directors.  During the third quarter of 2011, we incurred charges of $10 million related to Mr. Ullman’s transition services compensation.  In October 2011, we announced that Michael Francis was appointed our President  and as part of his employment package, he was awarded a one-time sign-on bonus of $12 million.  During the three and nine months ended October 29, 2011, we recorded $5 million and $7 million, respectively, of other management transition charges.

The following table reconciles the activity for the restructuring and management transition liability during the nine months ended October 29, 2011:
                                           
($ in millions)
 
Supply Chain
   
Exit Catalog Outlet Stores
   
Termination Benefits
   
VERP
   
Management Transition
   
Other
   
Total
 
January 29, 2011
$
 
$
 
$
 
$
 
$
 
$
 
$
 
Charges
 
31 
   
34 
   
17 
   
179 
   
29 
   
   
297 
  
Cash payments
 
(8)
 
 
(8)
 
 
(9)
 
 
  - 
   
(15)
 
 
   
(40)
 
Non-cash
 
(21)
(1)
 
(24)
(2)
 
   
(177)
(3)
 
(6)
(4)
 
(2)
(1)
 
(230)
 
October 29, 2011
$
 
$
 
$
12 
 
$
 
$
 
$
 
$
35 
 

(1)  
Amounts represent increased depreciation as a result of shortening the useful lives of assets associated with our supply chain and custom decorating operations.
(2)  
Amount represents the loss on the sale of the catalog outlet stores.
(3)  
Amount includes $133 million that reduced the prepaid status of our Primary Plan and $44 million that increased the unfunded status of our SRP and BRP.
(4)  
Amount represents stock-based compensation expense related to management transitions.








-13-

 
 
 
 

Table of Contents

J. C. PENNEY COMPANY, INC.

NOTES TO INTERIM CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(Unaudited)
Note 11 – Real Estate and Other, Net
 
($ in millions)
Three Months Ended
   
Nine Months Ended
 
   
Oct. 29,
   
Oct. 30,
     
Oct. 29,
   
Oct. 30,
 
   
2011
   
2010
     
2011
   
2010
 
Real estate activities
$
(8
)
$
(8
)
 
$
(30
)
$
(24
)
Other
 
3
   
1
     
6
   
4
 
Total (income)
$
(5
)
$
(7
)
 
$
(24
)
$
(20
)

Real estate and other consists of ongoing operating income from our real estate subsidiaries whose primary investments are in REITs, as well as investments in 13 joint ventures that own regional mall properties.  Real estate and other also includes net gains from the sale of facilities and equipment that are no longer used in operations, other non-operating charges and credits, as well as asset impairment charges.

Note 12 – Income Taxes

The total amount of unrecognized tax benefits as of October 29, 2011 was $135 million compared to $162 million as of January 29, 2011.  The decrease included $27 million for settlements reached with tax authorities. As of the end of the third quarter of 2011, the uncertain tax position balance included $62 million that, if recognized, would lower the effective tax rate and would be reduced upon settlement by $22 million related to the federal tax deduction of state taxes. The remaining amounts reflect tax positions for which the ultimate deductibility is highly certain, but for which there is uncertainty about the timing. Due to deferred tax accounting, other than any interest or penalties incurred, the disallowance of the shorter deductibility period would not impact the effective tax rate, but would accelerate payment to the taxing authority.

Over the next 12 months, it is reasonably possible that the amount of unrecognized tax benefits could be reduced by approximately $39 million ($1 million of which would impact the effective tax rate) if our tax position is sustained upon audit, the controlling statute of limitations expires or we agree to a disallowance.

We recognize accrued interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits in income tax expense.  Our accrued interest was $4 million and $3 million as of October 29, 2011 and January 29, 2011, respectively.  We did not have any penalties accrued as of either date.

Note 13 – Litigation, Other Contingencies and Guarantees

We are subject to various legal and governmental proceedings involving routine litigation incidental to our business. Reserves have been established based on our best estimates of our potential liability in certain of these matters. These estimates have been developed in consultation with in-house and outside counsel. While no assurance can be given as to the ultimate outcome of these matters, management currently believes that the final resolution of these actions, individually or in the aggregate, will not have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial position, liquidity or capital resources.

As of October 29, 2011, we estimated our total potential environmental liabilities to range from $26 million to $33 million and recorded our best estimate of $27 million in other liabilities in the unaudited Interim Consolidated Balance Sheet as of that date. This estimate covered potential liabilities primarily related to underground storage tanks, remediation of environmental conditions involving our former drugstore locations and asbestos removal in connection with approved plans to renovate or dispose of our facilities. We continue to assess required remediation and the adequacy of environmental reserves as new information becomes available and known conditions are further delineated. If we were to incur losses at the upper end of the estimated range, we do not believe that such losses would have a material effect on our financial condition, results of operations or liquidity.
-14-

 
 
 
 

Table of Contents

J. C. PENNEY COMPANY, INC.

NOTES TO INTERIM CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(Unaudited)

As of October 29, 2011, we had a guarantee totaling $20 million for the maximum exposure on insurance reserves established by a former subsidiary included in the sale of our Direct Marketing Services business.

In connection with the sale of the operations of our outlet stores (see Note 10), we assigned leases on 10 outlet store locations to the purchaser.  As part of the assignment agreements, we became third guarantor for all 10 of the assigned lease agreements.  In the event of lease default by the purchaser, our maximum obligation under the lease guarantees, as of October 29, 2011, is $­­26 million, assuming acceleration of all lease payments.  The 10 leases have expiration dates beginning in June 2014 with the last lease expiring in November 2020.

Note 14 – Subsequent Event

On November 2, 2011, we completed our previously announced acquisition, pursuant to the asset purchase agreement dated October 12, 2011 (Purchase Agreement), to acquire the worldwide rights for the Liz Claiborne family of trademarks and related intellectual property, as well as the U.S. and Puerto Rico rights for the Monet trademarks and related intellectual property.  We have been the primary exclusive licensee for all Liz Claiborne and Claiborne branded merchandise in the U.S. and Puerto Rico since August 2010 under an original 10-year license agreement dated October 5, 2009.  As a result of the acquisition, we permanently added a number of well-established trademarks to our private and exclusive brands.

We allocated the purchase price of the acquisition to identifiable intangible assets based on their estimated fair values.  Intangible assets were valued using the relief from royalty and discounted cash flow methodologies which are considered Level 3 fair value measurements.  The relief from royalty method estimates our theoretical royalty savings from ownership of the intangible assets. Key assumptions used in this model include discount rates, royalty rates, growth rates, sales projections and terminal value rates.  Discount rates, royalty rates, growth rates and sales projections are the assumptions most sensitive and susceptible to change as they require significant management judgment.  The key assumptions used in the discounted cash flow valuation model include discount rates, growth rates, cash flow projections and terminal value rates.  Discount rates, growth rates and cash flow projections are the most sensitive and susceptible to change as they require significant management judgment. 

The consideration paid for the brands was $268 million with the entire purchase price allocated to the calculated fair values of the acquired trade names and recorded as intangible assets with indefinite lives at the acquisition date.  We incurred an insignificant amount of direct transaction costs as a result of this acquisition.  Pro forma financial information has not been provided as the acquisition did not have a material impact on our financial information.








-15-

 
 
 
 

Table of Contents


Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

General
J. C. Penney Company, Inc. is a holding company whose principal operating subsidiary is J. C. Penney Corporation, Inc. (JCP). JCP was incorporated in Delaware in 1924, and J. C. Penney Company, Inc. was incorporated in Delaware in 2002, when the holding company structure was implemented. The holding company has no independent assets or operations and no direct subsidiaries other than JCP. The holding company and its consolidated subsidiaries, including JCP, are collectively referred to in this quarterly report as “we,” “us,” “our,” “ourselves,” “jcpenney” or the “Company,” unless otherwise indicated.

The holding company is a co-obligor (or guarantor, as appropriate) regarding the payment of principal and interest on JCP’s outstanding debt securities. The guarantee of certain of JCP’s outstanding debt securities by the holding company is full and unconditional.

This discussion is intended to provide information that will assist the reader in understanding our financial statements, the changes in certain key items in those financial statements from period to period and the primary factors that accounted for those changes, how operating results affect the financial condition and results of operations of our Company as a whole, as well as how certain accounting principles affect the financial statements.  It should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements as of January 29, 2011, and for the year then ended, and related Notes and Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (MD&A), all contained in the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended January 29, 2011 (2010 Form 10-K).  Unless otherwise indicated, all references to earnings/(loss) per share (EPS) are on a diluted basis and all references to years relate to fiscal years rather than to calendar years.

Third Quarter Summary
·  
Net loss was $143 million, or $0.67 per share, for the quarter compared to net income of $44 million, or $0.19 per share, last year.   Results this year included $265 million, or $0.78 per share, of restructuring and management transition charges.

·  
Comparable store sales declined 1.6% for the quarter compared to last year’s third quarter.

·  
We opened 32 Sephora inside jcpenney locations to bring our total to 308 locations.

·  
We expanded MNG by Mango® to 500 locations and Call it Spring® by the ALDO Group to 505 locations.

·  
Gross margin at 37.4% of sales declined 160 basis points compared to last year’s third quarter, primarily as a result of higher markdowns due to increased promotional activity.

·  
Selling, general and administrative expenses (SG&A) improved 50 basis points to 31.2% of sales compared to third quarter last year.

·  
Our non-cash qualified defined benefit pension plan (Primary Plan) expense for the third quarter was $34 million lower than last year.


-16-

 
 
 
 

Table of Contents

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—(Continued)

Recent Developments and Third Quarter Highlights
Acquisition of Liz Claiborne Brands
On November 2, 2011, we completed our previously announced acquisition, pursuant to the asset purchase agreement dated October 12, 2011 (Purchase Agreement), to acquire the worldwide rights for the Liz Claiborne family of trademarks and related intellectual property, as well as the U.S. and Puerto Rico rights for the Monet trademarks and related intellectual property.  We have been the primary exclusive licensee for all Liz Claiborne and Claiborne branded merchandise in the U.S. and Puerto Rico since August 2010 under an original 10-year license agreement dated October 5, 2009.  The consideration paid for the brands was $268 million with the entire purchase price allocated to the fair values of the acquired trade names and recorded as intangible assets with indefinite lives at the acquisition date.

Pricing Strategy
We are working to implement a change to our pricing strategy that is expected to launch in the spring of 2012.  Management is currently developing and evaluating our new strategy and we expect to incur charges in the fourth quarter related to implementing the strategy.

Gifting Grace™ and CLAD™
In early November 2011, we launched, in partnership with Hearst Magazines, two online retail businesses: Gifting Grace, a comprehensive online gifting resource for women and CLAD, aimed at men and offering an assortment of fashionable designer brands.  These two websites were created under our Growth Brands Division as part of our plans to pursue high potential growth opportunities in the retail sector.
 
Martha Stewart Living Omnimedia, Inc.
On December 6, 2011, we purchased 11 million newly issued shares of Class A common stock, par value $0.01 per share, of Martha Stewart Living Omnimedia, Inc. (MSLO) for an aggregate purchase price of $38.5 million. In connection with the Company's investment, the Company has the right to designate two members of MSLO's Board of Directors. Concurrently, we entered into a long-term commercial agreement with MSLO to create an in-store and online retail experience featuring Martha Stewart products.
 
Stockholders Agreement
On September 16, 2011, the Company entered into a stockholders agreement (the September Agreement) with Vornado Realty Trust and its controlled affiliates (collectively, Vornado), that terminates the stockholders agreement dated February 24, 2011 between the Company and Vornado.  Among other things, the September Agreement limits Vornado’s ownership of our common stock (including derivative securities whose value is derived from the value of our common stock) to 15.4% of our outstanding shares.  In connection with entry into the September Agreement, the Company concurrently amended its Stockholder Protection Rights Agreement dated as of October 15, 2010 to modify the definition of “Acquiring Person” to permit Vornado to acquire derivative securities in accordance with the September Agreement.

Stockholder Protection Rights Agreement
On October 14, 2011, our Stockholder Protection Rights Agreement expired in accordance with its terms.

Management Transitions
We had the following recent management transitions:

·  
Ronald B. Johnson was elected Chief Executive Officer effective November 1, 2011.
·  
Myron E. Ullman, III, former Chief Executive Officer, will step down as Executive Chairman of the Board of Directors effective January 27, 2012.
·  
Michael R. Francis was elected President effective October 4, 2011.
·  
Michael W. Kramer was elected Chief Operating Officer effective December 5, 2011.
·  
Daniel E. Walker was elected Chief Talent Officer effective November 16, 2011.
·  
Thomas M. Nealon, former Group Executive Vice President, left the Company for personal reasons effective December 1, 2011.
 
-17-
 
 
 
 

Table of Contents

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—(Continued)

In connection with these management transitions, we awarded the following:

·  
One-time cash payments in the aggregate of $36 million, of which $12 million was paid during the third quarter.
·  
Approximately 4.1 million restricted stock units, for a total value of approximately $131 million in the aggregate.  The stock-based compensation for the restricted stock units will be recognized ratably over the requisite service periods for the awards.
·  
Accelerated vesting on approximately $14 million of outstanding stock-based compensation awards for the outgoing executives, of which $5 million was recognized during the third quarter with the remainder to be recognized in the fourth quarter.

Results of Operations
For the third quarter of 2011, we reported a net loss of $143 million or $0.67 per share, which included $265 million, or $0.78 per share, of restructuring and management transition charges.  Net income for the third quarter of 2010 was $44 million, or $0.19 per share.  On a comparable store basis, sales declined 1.6% for the quarter compared to last year’s third quarter.  Gross margin declined $146 million primarily as a result of higher markdowns due to increased promotional activity. SG&A expenses were $84 million better for the quarter compared to last year’s third quarter and were mainly driven by strong credit performance due to improved portfolio quality, as well as lower marketing expenses due to the elimination of catalog print media.  Our non-cash Primary Plan expense declined $34 million compared to last year as a result of positive market returns reflected in our plan assets at the 2010 year-end measurement date. Excluding restructuring and management transition charges and the non-cash impact of the Primary Plan, adjusted net income (non-GAAP) was $0.18 per share this year compared to $0.34 per share in last year’s third quarter.






-18-







 
 
 
 

Table of Contents

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—(Continued)

Results of Operations

($ in millions, except EPS)
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
   
Oct. 29,
 
   
Oct. 30,
   
Oct. 29,
   
Oct. 30,
 
   
2011
     
2010
   
2011
   
2010
 
Total net sales
$
3,986
   
$
4,189
 
$
11,835
 
$
12,056
 
Percent (decrease)/increase from prior year
 
(4.8)%
     
0.2%
   
(1.8)%
   
0.4%
 
Comparable store sales (decrease)/increase(1)
 
(1.6)%
     
1.9%
   
1.2%
   
1.5%
 
Gross margin
 
1,489
     
1,635
   
4,581
   
4,817
 
Operating expenses:
                         
SG&A(2)
 
1,242
     
1,326
   
3,766
   
3,893
 
Primary plan
 
22
     
56
   
65
   
166
 
Supplemental pension plans
 
9
     
8
   
23
   
25
 
     Total pension plans
 
31
     
64
   
88
   
191
 
Depreciation and amortization
 
127
     
128
   
383
   
379
 
Real estate and other, net
 
(5
)
   
(7
)  
(24
)
 
(20
)
Restructuring and management transition(3)
 
265
     
-
   
297
   
-
 
    Total operating expenses
 
1,660
     
1,511
   
4,510
   
4,443
 
Operating (loss)/income
 
(171
)
   
124
   
71
   
374
 
   Adjusted operating income (non-GAAP)(4)
 
116
     
180
   
433
   
540
 
Net interest expense
 
55
     
57
   
170
   
173
 
Bond premiums and unamortized costs
 
-
     
-
   
-
   
20
 
(Loss)/income before income taxes
 
(226
)
   
67
   
(99
)
 
181
 
Income tax (benefit)/expense
 
(83
)
   
23
   
(34
)
 
63
 
Net (loss)/income
$
(143
 
$
44
 
$
(65
$
118
 
   Adjusted net income (non-GAAP)(4)
$
38
   
$
80
 
$
161
 
$
223
 
                           
(Loss)/earnings per share – diluted
$
(0.67
 
$
0.19
 
$
(0.30
$
0.50
 
  Adjusted EPS (non-GAAP) – diluted (4)
$
0.18
   
$
0.34
 
$
0.73
 
$
0.94
 
Average shares outstanding – diluted
 
213
     
238
   
219
   
238
 
Effective income tax rate
 
36.7%
     
34.3%
   
34.3%
   
34.8%
 
Ratios as a percentage of sales:
                         
Gross margin
 
37.4%
     
39.0%
   
38.7%
   
40.0%
 
SG&A expenses(2)
 
31.2%
     
31.7%
   
31.8%
   
32.3%
 
Total operating expenses
 
41.7%
     
36.0%
   
38.1%
   
36.9%
 
Operating (loss)/income
 
(4.3)%
     
3.0%
   
0.6%
   
3.1%
 
   Adjusted operating income (non-GAAP)(4)
 
2.9%
     
4.3%
   
3.7%
   
4.5%
 

(1)  
Comparable store sales include sales from new and relocated stores that have been opened for 12 consecutive full fiscal months and Internet sales through jcp.com.  Stores closed for an extended period are not included in comparable store sales calculations, while stores remodeled and minor expansions not requiring store closures remain in the calculations.
(2)  
Beginning in 2011, pre-opening expenses, previously reported as a separate operating expense line, are included in SG&A expense due to the immaterial nature of such expense in recent years.  The impact to the SG&A expense ratio for the three months and nine months ended October 30, 2010 was an increase of 10 basis points.
(3)  
Beginning in the third quarter of 2011, restructuring and management transition charges were reported as a separate operating expense line. Previously, 2011 charges were included in real estate and other.
(4)  
See “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” on the following page for a discussion of these non-GAAP measures and reconciliation to their most directly comparable GAAP financial measures.
-19-

 
 
 
 

Table of Contents

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—(Continued)

Non-GAAP Financial Measures
We report our financial information in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (GAAP).  However, we present certain financial measures identified as non-GAAP under the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) to assess our results.  We believe the presentation of these non-GAAP financial measures, which our management uses to assess our operating results, is useful in order to better understand the operating performance of our core business and facilitate the comparison of our results to the results of our peer companies.  It is important to view non-GAAP financial measures in addition to, rather than as a substitute for, those measures and ratios prepared in accordance with GAAP.  We have provided reconciliations of the most directly comparable GAAP measures to our non-GAAP financial measures presented.

The following non-GAAP financial measures are adjusted to exclude restructuring and management transition charges as well as the non-cash impact of our Primary Plan expense.  Unlike other operating expenses, restructuring and management transition charges are unrelated to our ongoing core business operations.  Additionally, Primary Plan expense is determined using numerous complex assumptions about changes in pension assets and liabilities that are subject to factors beyond our control, such as market volatility.  We believe it is useful for investors to understand the impact of restructuring and management transition charges as well as the impact of the non-cash Primary Plan on our financial results and therefore are presenting the following non-GAAP financial measures: (1) adjusted operating income; (2) adjusted net income; and (3) adjusted EPS - diluted.

Adjusted Operating Income. The following table reconciles operating (loss)/income, the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure, to adjusted operating income, a non-GAAP financial measure:

 ($ in millions)
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
   
Oct. 29,
   
Oct. 30,
   
Oct. 29,
   
Oct. 30,
 
   
2011
   
2010
   
2011
   
2010
 
                         
Operating (loss)/income (GAAP)
$
(171)
 
$
124
 
$
71
 
$
374
 
    As a percent of sales
 
(4.3)%
   
3.0%
   
0.6%
   
3.1%
 
Add: restructuring and management transition charges
 
265
   
-
   
297
   
-
 
Add: primary plan expense
 
22
   
56
   
65
   
166
 
Adjusted operating income (non-GAAP)
$
116
 
$
180
 
$
433
 
$
540
 
   As a percent of sales
 
2.9%
   
4.3%
   
3.7%
   
4.5%
 
                         
Adjusted Net Income and Adjusted Diluted EPS. The following table reconciles net (loss)/income and diluted (loss)/earnings per share, the most directly comparable GAAP financial measures, to adjusted net income and adjusted EPS - diluted, non-GAAP financial measures:

($ in millions, except EPS)
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
   
Oct. 29,
   
Oct. 30,
   
Oct. 29,
   
Oct. 30,
 
   
2011
   
2010
   
2011
   
2010
 
Net (loss)/income (GAAP)
$
(143)
 
44
 
$
(65
$
118
 
(Loss)/earnings per share – diluted (GAAP)
$
(0.67)
 
0.19
 
$
(0.30
)
$
0.50
 
Add: restructuring and management transition charges,
    net of income tax of $98, $-, $111 and $-
 
167
   
-
   
186
   
-
 
Add: primary plan expense, net of  income tax of
                       
    $8, $20, $25 and $61
 
14
   
36
   
40
   
105
 
Adjusted net income (non-GAAP)
$
38
 
$
80
 
$
161
 
$
223
 
Adjusted EPS – diluted (non-GAAP)
$
0.18
(1)
$
0.34
 
$
0.73
(1)
$
0.94
 
                         
(1) Average shares outstanding – diluted of 215 million and 221 million for the three and nine months ended October 29, 2011, respectively were used for these calculations as adjusted net income was positive.
 
-20-
 
 
 
 

Table of Contents

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—(Continued)

Total Net Sales
($ in millions)
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
   
Oct. 29,
   
Oct. 30,
   
Oct. 29,
   
Oct. 30,
 
   
2011
   
2010
   
2011
   
2010
 
Total net sales
$
3,986
 
$
4,189
 
$
11,835
 
$
12,056
 
Sales percent (decrease)/increase:
                       
Total net sales
 
(4.8)%
   
0.2%
   
(1.8)%
   
0.4%
 
Comparable store sales
 
(1.6)%
   
1.9%
   
1.2%
   
1.5%
 

Total net sales decreased $203 million in the third quarter of 2011 compared to the third quarter of 2010.  For the first nine months of 2011, total net sales decreased $221 million from the same period last year.  The components of the changes in net sales were as follows:

($ in millions)
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
   
Oct. 29,
   
Oct. 30,
   
Oct. 29,
   
Oct. 30,
 
   
2011
   
2010
   
2011
   
2010
 
Comparable store sales (decrease)/increase
$
(65
$
77
 
$
134
 
$
167
 
Non-comparable store sales (decrease)/increase
 
(2
)  
2
   
15
   
77
 
Sales through catalog print media and outlet stores (decrease)
 
(136
)
 
(69
)
 
(370
)
 
(194
)
Total net sales (decrease)/increase
 $
(203
$
10
 
$
(221
)
$
50
 

Comparable store sales decreased 1.6% in the third quarter of 2011 due to the softer than expected selling environment.   Comparable store sales in last year’s third quarter increased 1.9%.  Internet sales through jcp.com, which are included in comparable store sales, decreased 5.4% to $341 million in the third quarter this year. Non-comparable store sales reflect sales from three new stores opened and six stores closed subsequent to last year’s third quarter, along with two stores that reopened after being closed for an extended period.  As expected, catalog print media and outlet store sales declined in the quarter due to the exit from the catalog business.  Total net sales declined 4.8% to $3,986 million compared with $4,189 million last year.

During the third quarter, off-mall traffic increased compared with last year, while mall traffic declined. Conversion rates for both mall and off-mall stores were above last year levels.   The number of store transactions increased in the quarter, while the number of units sold and units per transaction declined. Our average unit retail in jcpenney department stores for the third quarter of 2011 increased slightly compared to the third quarter of 2010.  Private and exclusive brands found only at jcpenney were 56% of total merchandise sales for the third quarter of 2011, consistent with the third quarter of 2010.
 
Geographically, our best performance was in the southeast region, and the weakest was in the northeast region. Women’s accessories and Men’s apparel were our best performing divisions for the quarter, while Home experienced the weakest results.

For the first nine months of 2011, comparable store sales increased 1.2%, while comparable store sales in last year’s first nine months increased 1.5%.  Internet sales through jcp.com, which are included in comparable store sales, increased 1.2% to $1,043 million.  The contribution of sales from non-comparable stores declined due to the effect of fewer non-comparable stores this year compared to last year. As expected, catalog print media and outlet store sales declined in the first nine months due to the exit from the catalog business.  Total net sales decreased 1.8% to $11,835 million compared with $12,056 million last year.

In the third quarter of 2011, we opened 32 Sephora inside jcpenney locations, bringing our total to 308 locations compared to 231 locations at the end of the third quarter of 2010.  Also during the quarter, we expanded MNG by Mango to 500 locations and Call It Spring by the ALDO Group to 505 locations as of the end of the third quarter.

-21-

 
 
 
 

Table of Contents

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—(Continued)

Store Count
The following table provides the number of stores and gross selling space for the third quarter and first nine months of 2011 and 2010:

 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
     
 
Oct. 29,
 
Oct. 30,
 
Oct. 29,
 
Oct. 30,
     
 
2011
 
2010
 
2011
 
2010
     
jcpenney department stores
               
Beginning of period
1,103
 
1,107
 
1,106
 
1,108
     
Stores opened
1
 
-
 
3
 
2
     
Closed stores
-
 
-
 
(5
)
(3
)
   
End of period(1)
1,104
 
1,107
 
1,104
 
1,107
     
                     
The Foundry Big & Tall Supply Co.(2)
10
 
-
 
10
 
-
     
                     
(1)  
Gross selling space was 111 million square feet as of October 29, 2011 and 112 million square feet as of October 30, 2010.
(2)  
Gross selling space was 51 thousand square feet as of October 29, 2011.

Gross Margin
Gross margin for the third quarter of 2011 decreased $146 million to $1,489 million as compared to $1,635 million in last year’s third quarter.  The decline in gross margins was due primarily to higher markdowns as a result of increased promotional activity.  Gross margin was further impacted by the exit from the catalog business and certain non-comparable free shipping offers for jcp.com combined with higher delivery costs.  As a percent of sales, the gross margin rate decreased 160 basis points to 37.4% compared to 39.0% for the same period last year.

Through the first nine months of 2011, gross margin decreased 130 basis points to 38.7% of sales, or $4,581 million, compared with 40.0% of sales, or $4,817 million, for the first nine months of 2010.

SG&A Expenses
SG&A expenses for the quarter decreased $84 million to $1,242 million compared to $1,326 million in last year’s third quarter.  The reduction was mainly driven by benefits from our private label credit card, lower marketing expenses due to the elimination of catalog print media and expense savings realized from cost reduction initiatives.   SG&A expense reductions were partially offset by continued investment in Sephora inside jcpenney and our Growth Brand Divisions, including The Foundry Big & Tall Supply Co., Gifting Grace and CLAD.  As a percent of sales, SG&A expenses decreased 50 basis points to 31.2% compared to 31.7% in the third quarter of 2010.

For the first nine months of 2011, SG&A expenses decreased $127 million to $3,766 million compared to $3,893 million last year, mainly attributable to lower marketing expenses due to the elimination of catalog print media.  As a percent of sales, SG&A expenses decreased 50 basis points to 31.8% compared to 32.3% in the first nine months of 2010.







-22-

 
 
 
 

Table of Contents

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—(Continued)

Pension Expense
($ in millions)
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
   
Oct. 29,
   
Oct. 30,
   
Oct. 29,
   
Oct. 30,
 
   
2011
   
2010
   
2011
   
2010
 
Primary pension plan
$
22
 
$
56
 
$
65
 
$
166
 
Supplemental pension plans
 
9
   
8
   
23
   
25
 
Total
$
31
 
$
64
 
$
88
 
$
191
 

Total pension expense consists of non-cash primary pension plan expense and supplemental pension plans expense.  For the third quarter of 2011, Primary Plan expense decreased $34 million to $22 million compared to $56 million in the third quarter of 2010.  The decrease was primarily a result of higher returns on our pension plan assets as of the 2010 year-end measurement date due to positive market returns. The supplemental pension plan expense increased $1 million to $9 million compared to the third quarter of 2010.  For the first nine months of 2011, our Primary Plan expense decreased $101 million to $65 million and our supplemental pension plan expense decreased $2 million to $23 million.

Depreciation and Amortization Expenses
Depreciation and amortization expenses in the third quarter of 2011 decreased $1 million to $127 million from $128 million for the comparable 2010 period. Depreciation and amortization expenses for the first nine months of 2011 increased $4 million to $383 million, compared with $379 million for the same 2010 period.

Restructuring and Management Transition Charges
($ in millions)
Three Months Ended
   
Nine Months Ended
 
   
Oct. 29,
   
Oct. 30,
     
Oct. 29,
   
Oct. 30,
 
   
2011
   
2010
     
2011
   
2010
 
Supply chain
$
16
 
$
-
   
$
31
 
$
-
 
Exit catalog outlet stores
 
30
   
-
     
34
   
-
 
Termination benefits
 
12
   
-
     
17
   
-
 
Voluntary early retirement program (VERP)
 
179
   
-
     
179
    -  
Management transition
 
27
   
-
     
29
   
-
 
Other
 
1
   
-
     
7
   
-
 
Total
$
265
 
$
-
   
$
297
 
$
-
 

During the three and nine months ended October 29, 2011, we incurred $265 million and $297 million, respectively, of restructuring and management transition charges.  Restructuring and management transition charges include costs related to activities to streamline our supply chain and custom decorating operations, the previously announced exit of our catalog and outlet businesses, cost savings initiatives to reduce home office expenses, the VERP and transition costs related to selected executive management.

Supply chain
As a result of streamlining our supply chain organization, during the three and nine months ended October 29, 2011, we recorded $16 million and $31 million, respectively, of increased depreciation and employee severance.  Increased depreciation resulted from shortening the useful lives of assets related to the closing and consolidating of selected facilities.

Exit catalog outlet stores
On October 16, 2011, we completed an asset purchase agreement to sell the assets related to the operations of our catalog outlet stores.  We sold fixed assets and inventory with combined net book values of approximately $31 million, for a total purchase price of $7 million, which resulted in a loss of $24 million.  During the three and nine months ended October 29, 2011, we recorded $6 million and $10 million, respectively, of severance costs related to the sale of our outlet stores.


-23-
 
 
 
 

Table of Contents

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—(Continued)

Termination benefits
We recorded $12 million and $17 million of employee termination benefits for actions planned to reduce our home office expenses for the three and nine months ended October 29, 2011, respectively.

VERP
As a part of several restructuring and cost-savings initiatives designed to reduce salary and related costs across the Company, in the third quarter of 2011 we incurred a total charge of $179 million related to the VERP.  Charges included $176 million related to enhanced retirement benefits for the approximately 4,000 associates who accepted the VERP, $1 million related to curtailment charges for our SRP and BRP as a result of the reduction in the expected years of future service related to these plans, and we incurred an additional $2 million of costs associated with administering the VERP.

Management transition
During the three and nine months ended October 29, 2011, we recorded $27 million and $29 million, respectively, of management transition charges.  In June 2011, we announced that Ronald B. Johnson would become our Chief Executive Officer on November 1, 2011, succeeding Myron E. Ullman, III.  Mr. Ullman will remain Executive Chairman of the Board of Directors until January 27, 2012, at which time he will step down from the Company and our Board of Directors.  During the third quarter of 2011, we incurred charges of $10 million related to Mr. Ullman’s transition services compensation.  In October 2011, we announced that Michael Francis was appointed our President and as part of his employment package, he was awarded a one-time sign-on bonus of $12 million.   During the three and nine months ended October 29, 2011, we recorded $5 million and $7 million, respectively, of other management transition charges.

Real Estate and Other, Net
($ in millions)
Three Months Ended
   
Nine Months Ended
 
   
Oct. 29,
   
Oct. 30,
     
Oct. 29,
   
Oct. 30,
 
   
2011
   
2010
     
2011
   
2010
 
Real estate activities
$
(8
)
$
(8
)
 
$
(30
)
$
(24
)
Other
 
3
   
1
     
6
   
4
 
Total (income)
$
(5
)
$
(7
)
 
$
(24)
 
$
(20
)

Real estate and other consists of ongoing operating income from our real estate subsidiaries whose primary investments are in REITs, as well as investments in 13 joint ventures that own regional mall properties.  Real estate and other also includes net gains from the sale of facilities and equipment that are no longer used in operations, other non-operating charges and credits, as well as asset impairment charges.

Operating (Loss)/Income
For the third quarter of 2011, we reported an operating loss of $171 million compared to operating income of $124 million in the same period last year.  Excluding the impact of our restructuring and management transition charges and the non-cash Primary Plan expense, adjusted operating income (non-GAAP) totaled $116 million, or 2.9% of sales, compared to $180 million, or 4.3% of sales in the third quarter of 2010, a decline of 140 basis points.  For the first nine months of 2011, operating income was $71 million compared with $374 million in the same period last year.  Excluding the impact of our restructuring and management transition charges and the non-cash Primary Plan expense, adjusted operating income (non-GAAP) totaled $433 million, or 3.7% of sales, compared to $540 million, or 4.5% of sales, for the first nine months of 2011, a decline of 80 basis points.

Net Interest Expense and Bond Premiums and Unamortized Costs
Net interest expense for the third quarter of 2011 declined $2 million to $55 million compared with last year’s third quarter at $57 million.  For the first nine months of 2011, interest expense was $170 million compared to $173 million in the first nine months of 2010.

 
 
-24-

 
 
 
 

Table of Contents

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—(Continued)

In the first nine months of 2010, we incurred approximately $20 million in additional expenses, consisting primarily of bond premiums paid in connection with a debt tender offer that was completed in May 2010.

Income Taxes
The effective income tax rate for the third quarter was 36.7% compared to 34.3% last year.  The year-over-year change is primarily due to lower book income and certain non-deductible management transition charges.  In determining the quarterly provision for income taxes, we use an estimated annual effective tax rate, which is based on our expected annual income, statutory tax rates and tax planning opportunities available in the various jurisdictions in which we operate. Subsequent recognition, de-recognition and measurement of a tax position taken in a previous period are separately recognized in the quarter in which they occur.  Our effective income tax rate for the first nine months of 2011 was 34.3% compared with 34.8% for the first nine months of 2010.  The year-over-year decline in the tax rate resulted mainly from lower book income combined with higher wage credits.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

As of October 29, 2011, our cash and cash equivalents balance was $1,085 million, which reflects $900 million of cash used for the Company’s common stock repurchase program that totaled 24.4 million shares that was completed in May 2011. The foundation of our strong liquidity position is our cash and cash equivalents balance and our $1,250 million revolving credit facility entered into in April 2011.

The following table provides a summary of our key components and ratios of financial condition and liquidity:

($ in millions)
   
Nine Months Ended
 
     
Oct. 29,
   
Oct. 30,
 
     
2011
   
2010
 
               
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
1,085
 
$
1,666
 
Merchandise inventory
   
4,376
   
4,267
 
Property and equipment, net
   
5,242
   
5,285
 
 
             
Long-term debt, including current maturities
   
3,102
   
3,099
 
Stockholders’ equity
   
4,522
   
4,941
 
    Total capital
   
7,624
   
8,040
 
               
Additional amounts available under our credit agreement
   
1,250
   
750
 
Cash flow from operating activities
   
(133
)
 
(518
)
Free cash flow (non-GAAP financial measure)(1)
   
(736
)
 
(707
)
Capital expenditures
   
469
   
380
 
Dividends paid
   
135
   
142
 
Ratios:
             
   Debt-to-total capital(2)
   
40.7
%
 
38.5
%
   Cash-to-debt(3)
   
35.0
%
 
53.8
%

(1)  
See page 27 and 28 for a reconciliation of this non-GAAP financial measure to its most directly comparable GAAP financial measure and further information on its uses and limitations.
(2)  
Long-term debt, including current maturities, divided by total capital.
(3)  
Cash and cash equivalents divided by long-term debt, including current maturities.

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Table of Contents

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—(Continued)

Cash and Cash Equivalents
We ended the third quarter of 2011 with $1,085 million in cash and cash equivalents, which represents 35% of our $3,102 million of outstanding long-term debt, including current maturities.  During the first nine months of 2011, we used $900 million of cash balances to fund the repurchase of 24.4 million shares of Company common stock.

Operating Activities
Our operations are seasonal in nature, with the business depending to a great extent on the last quarter of the year when a significant portion of our sales, profits and operating cash flows are realized.

Cash flow from operating activities improved from the same period last year primarily due to last year’s $392 million voluntary cash contribution to our Primary Plan.  No such contribution was made during the current year.

Merchandise inventory increased $109 million, or 2.6% over last year, and is in line with our projected sales trend for the fourth quarter. For the same period last year, inventory increased 6.2%.

Investing Activities

($ in millions)
Nine Months Ended
 
   
Oct. 29,
   
Oct. 30,
 
Net cash (used in)/provided by:
 
2011
   
2010
 
Capital expenditures
$
(469
)
$
(380
)
Proceeds from sale of assets
 
1
   
4
 
Proceeds from joint venture cash distribution
 
53
   
-
 
Investing activities
$
(415
$
(376
)

Capital expenditures were $469 million for the first nine months of 2011, compared with $380 million for the same period last year. Capital spending was primarily for renewals and modernizations, three new jcpenney department stores, new Sephora inside jcpenney locations as well as Call it Spring and MNG by Mango.  During 2011, we opened 77 Sephora inside jcpenney locations, of which 32 were opened in the third quarter, bringing the total to 308.  During 2011, we also opened 423 MNG by Mango and 502 Call it Spring shops of which 208 and 405, respectively, were opened during the third quarter.  Total MNG by Mango and Call it Spring shops open as of October 29, 2011 were 500 and 505, respectively. Capital expenditures for the remainder of 2011 are expected to be funded with cash flow from operations and existing cash and cash equivalent balances.  We anticipate full year 2011 capital expenditures to be approximately $650 million.